Depression is, without a doubt, one of the evils of the TWENTY-first century. Only in the past few decades has documented a significant increase in the number of people affected by it. To get an idea, in Brazil it is estimated by the research that 10% of the population had a major depressive episode in a period of 1 year.
Obesity, in turn, is also regarded as one of the evils of this century. The projection is more optimistic indicates that in the year 2025, 20% of the brazilian population will present obesity.
Since Diabetes is not far behind, seconds to the estimates of the Ministry of Health from Brazil, 6.2% of the adult population of brazil is a carrier of the disease.
RELATION BETWEEN DIABETES, OBESITY, AND DEPRESSION
Three diseases, one common link: approximately 30% of the people who seek treatment to lose weight – tratamento para emagrecer rápido – have depression, and anyone who is over weight has 3 times more chances of developing depression throughout the life. In addition, people with Diabetes have double the chances of presented depression. And the main point that is you could connect these three diseases would be the accumulation of fat.
The fat cells and their relationship with the whole functioning of our body is a subject, to be studied, has helped us to understand better because many diseases can occur in conjunction with one another.
The excess weight leads to an increase of the production of insulin by our pancreas. From there, this excess can give rise to what we call insulin resistance, which is a situation in which, despite the agency having a greater amount of insulin is not functioning properly, as if it were weaker.
The atmosphere generated by the weight gain and the insulin resistance leads to a state of inflammation in the body. Here, the fat cell when it is overfilled (with a lot of fat within it) produces inflammatory substances that cause what we call the inflammatory environment. The development of Diabetes also may occur as a result of this process, and what has been shown is that depression also.
However, there are still many mechanisms to be clear. One of them, for example, is about the weight gain. It is not yet clear if it is the depression that leads to weight gain, or if the opposite occurs. But the question must be considered in the two sides. Both the person with depression who seeks the psychiatrist should be evaluated by looking for factors of weight gain and the risk of Diabetes, as a person who is in the follow-up endocrinology should be asked about depressive symptoms.
Knowing this, the most important is definitely the information. The more we know of the possibilities, the more we stay close to diagnose and treat. Depression, diabetes, and obesity are 3 diseases with treatment and our efforts are to be identified as early as possible.